This paper analyses the integration of China and India into the global economy. To this end, it presents estimates from a gravity model to gauge the overall degree of their trade intensity and the depth of their bilateral trade linkages, as well as selected measures of revealed comparative advantage and economic distance. The paper also reviews the key characteristics of the two countries’ domestic economies that are relevant to their global integration and analyses their financial linkages with the rest of the world. Four main fi ndings stand out. First, considering trade in goods, the overall degree of China’s trade intensity is higher than fundamentals would suggest, whereas the converse is true for India. Second, Chinese goods exports seem to compete increasingly with those of mature economies, while Indian exports remain more low-tech. Third, China’s exports of services tend to complement its exports of goods, while India’s exports are growing only in deregulated sectors, such as IT-related services. Last, China’s and India’s roles in the global financial system are still relatively limited and often complementary to their roles in global trade
. JEL Classification: E44, F3, C5.
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Globalization with Reason
An interview with George Monbiot, by Caspar Henderson of openDemocracy
George Monbiot, the leading environmental activist and writer, has been involved in many global campaigns of resistance to corporate and state power. But what positive social and political vision animates his work? Where does it contrast with that of globalisationâs advocates like Maria Cattaui, Peter Sutherland, and George Soros? And how does he see the future of the internationalist movement in the light of the âwar on terrorismâ? (v. long)
Caspar Henderson â openDemocracy has opened a debate on globalisation
Globalization from Below
March 18 2001
Globalization from Below
by Patrick Bond
(Review of `Globalization from Below: The Power of Solidarity,' by Jeremy Brecher, Tim Costello and Brendan Smith, Cambridge, MA, South End Press.)
There are more than a dozen new english- language books aimed mainly at an audience of international-justice activists, strategists and intellectuals. I've got the pleasant task of reading these in my role as coordinator of a seminar of 20 masters and doctoral students which starts next week in Johannesburg.
Because it raises issues so well and so forthrightly, honestly considers competing arguments, I chose to make one book-- Globalization from Below--required reading (as I will do again in a similar seminar at York University in Toronto this summer)
Cooking the Books
What drives companies to 'cook the books' â or lie about their earnings
just how widespread this problem might be. How much of the global economy is based on 'smoke and mirrors' book-keeping
a genuine weak spot in the financial system that could ultimately lead to a meltdown? These are interesting questions for people to ask and it is especially useful for to identify such weak spots. Book cooking is a topical issue in the wake of the implosion of the amazing disintegrating known as Enron.
Both inside and outside the financial world people are asking the question 'How many more Enrons are out there?' we first look at the pressures behind book-cooking with a glimpse at the Wonderland of Accounting